Pakistan has first time spoken about its nuclear arsenals publicly although its possess nuclear for many years.
On Monday during news briefing in Washington the disclosure was made by the Aizaz Chaudry, Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary. It came before the meeting of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif with the President Barack Obama in Washington.
They are expected to discuss that, “Pakistan’s nuclear programme among other issues, including Afghanistan and militant groups such as the Haqqani network and Lashkar-e-Taiba.”
Pervez Hoodbhoy says, who is a nuclear Physicist and independent security analyst based in the Lahore, “The fact that Pakistan was making small tactical nuclear weapons was clear to the world from the day Pakistan started its missile programme.”
“It meant that Pakistan had developed low-yield nuclear warheads to be delivered by those missiles at short ranges, in a battlefield, having localized impact, unlike big bombs designed to destroy cities.“
Experts have believed that the 2011 testing of the nuclear capable Nasr Missile with a 60 Km range was an indication that Pakistan was building nuclear weapon to use in the theatre of war.
A Lahore based expert on security and defense issues, Hasan Askari Rizvi, it is also said that Pakistan may have already designed even a small range nuclear weapons which can be capable of being shot from a specially designed gun for it.
He says that, “The Americans apparently know about these weapons, and recent debate in the US media suggests that Pakistan may actually be in possession of tactical weapons which are greater in number and accuracy than those of India.”
He says that, “Compliance with nuclear command and control procedures may not always be adequately ensured for all the missile units deployed across a theatre.”
Another point of concern is that Pakistan has developed these weapons despite of the sanctions imposed on it internationally since 1998 when Pakistan has carried out the first nuclear test.
There have been also suggestions that, “the US may offer Pakistan membership of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group, with legitimate access to available research and technology, in return for some curbs on fissile material production and its missiles programme.”
Since he has made a significant disclosure, Mr Chaudhry statement came after this backdrop, whereas professor Askari thinks that there may be two reasons why he has chosen to talk about the issue.
He says that, “One is apparently to reassure domestic audience that there’s going to be no ‘sell-out’ on the nuclear issue.“
He added that, “The second may well be to officially confirm to India what it might expect if it ever decides on surgical action or hot pursuit inside Pakistan.”
The agent in charge of the mission played by the Muslim actor Saif Ali Khan said that, “The Americans killed Osama by barging in, why can’t we do the same?”
India said that, “any nuclear attack on its forces would be treated as a nuclear strike on India itself and it would respond accordingly – so observers warn any use of nuclear weapons could quickly escalate.”