Since the past century, the temperature in northern Pakistan has increased by 1.9 degree Celsius. Experts have pinpointed that this has led to a situation termed as “glof” which stands for glacial lake outburst floods. The phenomena is triggered when the dams of lakes rupture and send down huge streams of water down the slops. It has been reported that there are thirty glacial lakes which are under observation in Pakistan.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated “projected to accelerate throughout the 21st century, reducing water availability, hydropower potential, and changing seasonality of flows in regions supplied by meltwater from major mountain ranges.”
Pakistan is known for it’s lush green plains and farm lands that cause it to be a great agriculture country. However, despite the many benefits Pakistan has in terms of agriculture, it still lacks in self-sufficiency as unpredicted floods have caused to destroy most of it’s farms and food produce. The floods are a mixture of monsoon rain and the melting glaciers of the mountains that cause it to become even more catastrophic.
“When there is too much water it’s not good for rice, and when there is not enough, that’s also bad. And it’s the same for wheat,” says farmer Mohsin Ameen Chattha.
Ghulam Rasul, the director general of Pakistan’s meteorological department states that even after the excess/surplus monsoon rain is stored in the two large reservoirs, the Tarbela and the Mangla dams, the water is not enough. “That is not sufficient. It will hardly last 30 days. For now, the production of rice and wheat is still rising. But if the glaciers were to one day disappear, we would be totally dependent on the monsoon. And already it varies. All this has an impact on food security,” states Rasul.