From Black Gold to Black Coal: Story of a Slowly dying City

China cancelled its 103 Coal power projects that were planned or under construction, eliminating its 120 gigawatts of future coal-fired capacity.
That includes dozens of projects in 13 provinces, Move comes as Chinese Government says it will invest 2.5 trillion yuan (£300 billion) into the renewable energy sector and shift away from coal power towards cleaner fuels such as wind, solar and geothermal power.


While Pakistan is going to build 8 coal power plants under China’s assistance.


  • 1=Port Qasim Electric Company Coal Fired, Sindh.
    2=Sahiwal Coal-fired Power Plant, Punjab.
    3=Engro thar Coal-fired power plant, Sindh.
    4=Gwadar Coal-fired Power Project.
    5=HUBCO coal power plant 1X660 MW, Hub Balochistan
    6=Rahimyar Khan Coal Power Project, Punjab
    7=SSRL Thar Coal Block 1 – 6.5 metric ton per annum(mpta) Thar, Sindh
    8=Muzaffargarh Coal Power Project, Punjab.


The question is why China demolished its 103 power plants and why Pakistan allow Chines companies to build coal power plants???


The answer is both have their own interests, Chinese companies to make a huge profit on building these plants and PMLN Govt to secure its position in upcoming elections, as it is the quickest way to produce energy, despite to know that it is the most polluting forms of energy.

Sahiwal Coal Power Plant:


The city known as the most fertile agriculture land in the country and known as BLACK GOLD because of its fine breed of Buffalos and Cows, is now facing the most dangerous situation, the danger of slow extinction.


Video Credits: (nationals ka Pakistan)




Sahiwal Coal Power Project Will Make The City a Black Desert:



The mega project will affect life in the area by burning 16,667-tonne coal daily and throwing ashes and smoke into the air.
Coal-fired power plants are the second largest source of NOx (Nitrogen oxides) pollution ,after automobiles, including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, arsenic (which will cause cancer) Mercury, particulate matters (PM 10 & PM 2.5), having size of 2.5 to 10 micrometers, 25 to 200 times thinner than human hair, carbon dioxide, ozone and lead.


Dr Nabeel Niazi, an environmentalist from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad, said in an interview that the levels of various environmental contaminants in the ambient atmosphere such as toxic gases would significantly increase than their current (acceptable) levels in the air.


Court Orders:

Soon after construction work on the project began, a number of petitions were filed with different courts, including the Supreme Court, questioning its execution on environmental grounds. The petitioners argued that the project would leave an adverse impact on health and environment and was hazardous for flora and fauna as well.

In September last year, the nearby Saif Power Plant also moved a petition and took a stay order, but the court later vacated the same and allowed the government to continue with the Sahiwal power project.

The court, on another petition, ordered the EPD to prepare an Ambient Air Quality Monitoring (AAQM) report of the coal-fired power plant to determine if it met the National Environment Quality Standards (NEQS) or not.

The EPD (Environment Protection Department) carried out the test at the under-construction site for the power plant and two other spots namely Saif Power Plant and Chak 56-5L Qadirabad from 12:00 Noon to 10:00 PM on October 23 last year.
According to the EPD report, the level of one of the major air pollutants SO2 was found more than 400 micro grammes per cubic meter (ug/m3) which was far higher than the NEQS (The NEQS level must not exceed 120 ug/m3 in Pakistan). Also, the respirable Particulate Matters (PM 10) were found around 370 ug/m3 and should not have been more than 150 ug/m3.


The locals and their representatives have expressed reservations about the effect of the plant on their health.


The solution of this matter resolved in a unique way that the EPD held a public hearing at the Qadirabad Semen Production Centre and only those villagers were called whose land was being purchased for the power plant. Not a single media person or other local stakeholders were called to the meeting and the construction started in full swing.

Slow Death:

Burning this amount of coal will ultimately lead to health effects including premature death, lung tissue damage, asthma exacerbation, shortness of breath and chest pain, can harm brain development and long time exposure can cause death.Extreme global warming and Smog is the worst form of this.





According to environmental scientists, to neutralised the environment, Govt needs to plant 10000 trees for per 1 Megawatt, and for 1320 Megawatt Sahiwal needs to be planted 1 crore 32 Lakh trees.The average life of these trees is between 8 to 10 years.
The government of Punjab proudly announced that they planted (30000) plants, yes 30000 thousand (PLANTS) which are not even enough for 1 Megawatt.


Shahbaz Sharif Official facebook page post, in which he claimed plantation of 30 thousand (plants)



The correspondent talked to many citizens who said that government must hold consultations with stakeholders on the environmental impact of the coal power plant, but nothing is going to change.

This is the story of just one coal power plant, imagine what these 8 coal power plants can do to the environment.


In this situation, I can only say ” In order to lighting residents’ bulbs, Government is turning off their lives”, and the Govt is responsible for this massacre.