Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both broad terms for a group of complex maladies of brain development.
These disorders are categorised, in varying gradations, by complications in social communication, verbal and nonverbal communication and monotonous behaviours. With the May 2013 journal of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were fused into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD.
Formerly, they were accepted as discrete subtypes, containing autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise indicated (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome.
ASD can be related with intellectual incapacity, problems in motor coordination and attention and physical health concerns such as sleep and gastrointestinal troubles. Some persons with ASD outdo in visual skills, music, math and art.